I attended a webinar where Niki Jabbour spoke about using covers in vegetable gardening. With increasingly unpredictable weather patterns and pest infestations she has a solution: she uses row covers, shade cloth, low tunnels, cold frames, hoophouses, and other protective structures to create controlled growing spaces for vegetables to thrive. The many benefits of using protective covers are extending the season, allowing the gardener to plant earlier and harvest later, eliminate pests, harvest a healthier, heartier crop and mitigate the effects of some of our harsher weather.
There was far too much information for me to cover here, but I can say that she has written a book “Growing Under Cover” and, although this is not a pitch for the book, it could be a valuable resource.
From Tuesday, January 26th through Saturday, January 30th, the Guelph Organic Conference will run these 5 seminars as online programs
These free seminars will all run on their respective scheduled day at 1.00 pm, EST and each will have a length of about 90-120 minutes. Each requires a registration so that we can reserve an adequate Zoom service. We are currently verifying that each will be recorded for future retrieval for those unable to dial in for the actual program(s). The Conference has asked several organic groups to co-organize these – COTA/Canada Organic Trade Association, OCO/Organic Council of Ontario, COG/Canadian Organic Growers, EFAO/Ecological Farmers Association of Ontario + High Mowing Seeds, then finally Gary Zimmer along with SureSource Commodities/organic grain trader, for the Saturday cropping program, assisted by OCO.
Registration is now live! Click on the workshop you are interested, and register to attend. We will send you an email the detail, including the Zoom link, to attend the workshop.
For anyone who hasn’t viewed this excellent presentation, here is a brief summary of the content.
For the full discussion, see the link on the Jan 5 post.
Barriers, Bylaws and the Biophilic City: Advancing Natural Gardens and Native Plants in Our cities
Webinar hosted by Ryerson Carly Murphy and featured panelists:
Patricia Landry – City of Toronto
David Donnelly – Lawyer
Discussion centred on the idea that the city’s “Grass and Weeds Bylaw” is actually a deterrent to growing native gardens. It contains out dated information eg grass cannot be higher than 20 centimeters. Even in 2020, residents are getting notices that goldenrod needs to be removed.
Nina-Marie Lister gave a brief history of the conflict between residents planting native or naturalized gardens in their front yards and city bylaw officers who do anything from warning the gardener, fining them or ultimately cutting the garden down.
She then spoke of her own recent situation that has been in the media this last summer where she was ordered to remove her native garden or face fines up to $5000
She hired a lawyer to fight the charge and was eventually granted an exemption.
Her lawyer’s stance is that an exemption is not satisfactory, it causes the bylaw officer to make a judgement and that is not acceptable. The bylaw as it reads now was ruled unconstitutional in 1996 and needs to be struck down or replaced with something that deals only with plants that harmful to nature or people – full stop.
Patricia Landry presented the city’s point of view, that the bylaw is still necessary to deal with derelict yards. The city received 6800 complaints this year and granted 38 natural garden exemptions – so her point being that the balance of the complaints were justified.
Bylaw officers are being trained to distinguish between native plants and noxious weeds and naturalized versus neglected.
Mark Cullen made the point that native gardens are not neglected but must be tended with similar care to traditional gardens. He said that if a garden was cut to the ground and left unattended it would be regenerate with 70% invasives.
1994 Sandy Bell was issued a $50 fine for her natural garden, fought it and the bylaw was declared uninforceable
In early 2000, Douglas Counter took his case to the Ontario Superior court and won the right to garden on a public boulevard
2019 again a gardener Deborah Dale fought for the right to garden with native plants. The case was settled out of court with a gag order.
In Cobourg, Miriam Mutton’s boulevard garden was cut down 3 times before it was allowed to stay and ironically, during a summer drought when all the boulevards were brown, hers was lush and used as an example for their Cities in Bloom entry
In Burlington in June 2018, Doreen Nicoll was ordered to remove milkweed
For those that are not familiar with Bylaw 489, consider yourselves blessed, but you still may want to review the webinar because the bylaw can be used to threaten just about any garden in Toronto with vegetation over 20cm at any time.
I especially recommend 36:24 – 45:15, 59:43 – 1:05:09, 1:27:28 – 1:31:10 where Patricia Landry from Parks, Forestry and Recreation gives her position on the bylaw.
While Patricia is well aware of the issues Toronto faces around biodiversity, climate change etc. she didn’t actually propose any significant changes to the bylaw. I expect further lobbying will be required to effect real change to the bylaw.
With world-wide exploration and economic expansion in the 1700s came a fascination with plants and flowers, Floralshighlights botany’s connection to the culture of the era throughinfluential botanical publications and exquisite illustrationsalongside stunning Indian cotton textiles covered with colourful hand-painted flowers.
The Cloth that Changed the World: India’s Painted and Printed Cottons
On view through September 6, 2021
Featuring pieces from the Museum’s world-renowned collection, this ROM-original exhibition explores how India’s artisans have created, perfected and innovated printed and painted multicoloured cotton fabrics to fashion the body, honour divinities, and beautify palaces and homes.
What You Need to Know Before Your Visit: We encourage you to learn more about the ROM’s safety measures in preparation for your visit to the Museum. The ROM has rigorous health and safety protocols in place for our visitors and staff, which is our top priority.
Image Credit:1. Woman’s jacket. Made in coastal southeast India for the Dutch market; used in Hindeloopen, Friesland. Mordant-dyed and resist-dyed cotton, 18th century, 57.8 cm.
As we approach the beginning of the Seedy Saturday/Sunday season, Seeds of Diversity is hosting one last set of meetings for organizers to get together virtually to chat. This time around, we have created the meetings based on topic: 1) running a seed exchange, 2) putting together webinars, 3) promoting vendors, 4) revenue streams, and 5) technical components. Please see below for details, including Zoom links, for each upcoming meeting. Registration is required, to give us a chance to gauge interest and attendance prior to each meeting. We will be recording each of the meetings to share with those unable to attend – please let me know if this is a problem for you prior to the meeting(s) you will be attending. ————————** Times are in EST. 2PM EST = 3PM AST, 1PM CST, 12PM MST, 11AM PST. Meeting #1: Running a seed exchange amidst COVID-19 When: Jan 12, 2021 02:00 PM Eastern Time (US and Canada) Register in advance for this meeting: https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZ0lfumrqjItGdQMQGlG97wWprAYbV0dEzIl
Thank you, we are looking forward to seeing 2021 Seedy Saturday and Seedy Sunday events come to life! — Rayna AlmasMedia and Promotions Co-ordinatorSeeds of Diversity Canada People Protecting Seeds and Pollinators for over 30 Years